With the new year comes a new crop of computers that meet the arbitrary but commonly accepted age of 25 years needed to be considered “vintage.” The list below is … Continue reading 10 Computers That Turn 25 in 2015
Discovering new early microcomputers is always a rush, and recently Craig Solomonson had the pleasure of that experience. For years, he owned a system with the rather generic label of … Continue reading Early Univac 8-Bit System Identified
With auction prices for genuine Apple 1 systems rising steadily over the last few years, there was a lot of speculation about whether the one sold today would break the $1 million mark. It didn’t. In fact, the sale fell below the low range of auction house Christie’s estimate at $365,000, including buyer’s premium. Christie’s estimated it would sell between $400,000 and $600,000.
Why another Apple 1 sold for $905,000 in October and this one for a little more than a third that number is a little puzzling. The example sold today is referred to as the Ricketts Apple 1. It was purchased new by Charles Ricketts from Steve Jobs, and the canceled check and other documents establishing provenance were included in the sale. It is the only Apple 1 documented to have been purchased directly from Steve Jobs.
Both the system sold in October and the Ricketts Apple 1 are fully operational. With the special provenance of the Ricketts Apple 1, you might expect a premium. As I said in an earlier post, the market for Apple 1 computers might be reaching a saturation point where most of the wealthy collectors and institutions that want one have acquired one.
Also part of today’s auction was the personal archive of Apple co-founder Ronald Wayne. The archive includes an original proof copy of the Apple 1 operation manual and early drawings and blueprints for the Apple II case, It sold for $25,000 including buyer’s premium. This lot also sold below the low end of Christie’s estimate of $30,000.
If the results from the November 14 and 15 Breker Science & Technology auction tell us anything, it’s that recent high selling prices for examples of the Apple 1 computer aren’t necessarily raising those of other iconic early computers. Of the 10 offered, only three sold: an Apple Twentieth Anniversary Macintosh (TAM) for €1,000 ($1,245 USD), an Apple II for €1,800 ($2,241 USD), and a Heathkit H8 for €600 ($747 USD).
The Apple TAM and H8 bids were within the range of recent selling prices for comparable systems, while the Apple II–in above-average working condition–was at the high end of the range.
Systems not even drawing an opening bid included the Processor Technology Sol-20, an Altair 8800, an Apple Lisa 2/5, and an original Apple Lisa. Opening bids for all were within the range of recent selling prices for each system.
Day 2 of Breker’s Science & Technology auction features a number of iconic vintage microcomputers. The auction is being held online now through LiveAuctioneers, but Breker and the computers are located in Europe. If you bid from outside Europe, plan on paying significant shipping fees on top of the buyer premium. The list includes:
Heathkit H8: A working unit with a pre-auction estimate of €600 ($760 USD).
Commodore PET 2001: An early production model in working condition with a pre-auction estimate of € 500 ($633 USD).
Processor Technology SOL-20: Described as complete and working but not completely tested, and with some cosmetic issues. The pre-auction estimate of € 800 ($1014 USD) might be a little optimistic. Better units have sold for less recently.
NeXT Cube: This appears to be in very good condition functionally and cosmetically with a pre-auction estimate of € 1200 ($1,520 USD).
MITS Altair 8800: Described as in good working order, this unit has only the CPU board and a memory board with 256K of RAM. The pre-auction estimate of € 1800 ($2,280 USD) might be more realistic if this example had more boards.
Apple Lisa 1: This appears to be a very complete and working example with the Twiggy drives and a Profile hard drive. The pre-auction estimate of € 12,000 ($15,203 USD) is probably achievable given this week’s record Apple 1 sale.
The auction also has many earlier mechanical calculating devices. Even if you don’t bid, it should be fun to follow.
The buyer who paid $905,000 (including buyer’s premium) for the Apple 1 on October 22 was The Henry Ford Museum in Dearborn, MI. This is good news, because the Apple 1 will go on public display as part of the museum’s Archive of American Innovation. The previous Apple 1 that was sold went to a private collector in Asia, so who knows when that one will resurface again.
“When acquiring artifacts for The Henry Ford’s Archive of American Innovation, we look at how the items will expand our ability to tell the important stories of American culture and its greatest innovators,” said Patricia Mooradian, president of The Henry Ford in a press release. “Similar to what Henry Ford did with the Model T, Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs put technology directly in the hands of the people with the creation of the Apple-1, completely altering the way we work and live. The Apple-1 was not only innovative, but it is a key artifact in the foundation of the digital revolution.”
Well, my prediction that the Apple 1 in today’s Bonhams auction would sell near the low estimate was wrong. It sold for $905,000 including buyer’s premium. This beats the $671,000 sale of an Apple 1 at a German auction in May 2013 by roughly 26%. High-end collectibles is a funny business, sometimes driven by serious collectors competing for rare items, and sometimes driven by not-so-serious collectors looking for an investment. I’m guessing today’s Apple 1 sale is the result of both.
You see this in the collector car market. In fact, it’s gotten to the point where analysts actually track investment-grade collector cars to tell investors which models to buy, sell, or hold–much like they do stocks. I suppose this is inevitable with rare and desirable computers like the Apple 1,
Other notes from the auction: The wood and brass Helmholtz Sound Synthesizer from 1905 sold for $20,000. No results have been posted for the Olivetti P-602 or the Manhattan Project viewing window. I assume this means that bidding on these items did not meet the reserve price and they did not sell.
Auction house Bonhams has assembled an impressive collection of historically significant items related to science and technology for its October 22 History of Science auction in New York City. One of the highlights is a rather complete and working Apple 1 setup that includes the motherboard, keyboard, monitor, and power supply. With a pre-auction estimate of $300K to $500K, the Apple 1 is getting much of the attention for this auction, but it is just one of many important items to go on the block.
If the atomic era interests you, consider the 1,500-pound, 6-inch thick viewing window used in the Manhattan Project. This heavily leaded piece of glass protected staff from radiation when they viewed the plutonium production process. (Bonhams assures everyone that the window is itself not radioactive.) It comes with its own wooden rolling cart, which you will probably need considering its weight. The pre-auction sale estimate is $150K to $250K.
Also being offered is what is likely the world’s oldest sound synthesizer. The Helmholtz Sound Synthesizer was built by Max Kohl around 1905 using a design by Hermann von Helmholtz from the 19th Century. This is roughly 60 years before the Moog synthesizer. The Helmholtz design features a lot of brass metalwork–mostly in its resonators–and tuning forks mounted on a wooden platform. It also has a 10-key electric keyboard. The pre-sale estimate is $20K to $30K.
The only computer other than the Apple 1 in the auction is an Olivetti P-602 from 1971. More of a calculator designed to solve scientific, statistical, or technical math problems, the P-602 followed Olivetti’s better-known Programma 101. This unit appears in good cosmetic condition with one small crack in the back. It is unclear from the description if the unit is working. Pre-sale estimate is $2,000 to $3,000.
As for the Apple 1, I’m going to make a prediction that bidding will be closer to the low end of the estimate, perhaps not reaching it. In the last few years, several examples have sold, and while this one appears to be an above-average example, there are only so many collectors left with the desire to own one and the means to make it happen.
With the passing of founder Andrew Kay earlier this week, I thought it only appropriate to take a look back at Kaypro’s computers. The company had a long history before … Continue reading A Look Back at Kaypro/Non-Linear Systems
The seller of a DEC PDP-8 on eBay recently updated the description to say that he has accepted an offer near his asking price of $18,000, pending receipt of funds. The “straight 8” is perhaps the most sought-after DEC model among collectors, and very few (if any) have been publicly sold. Assuming the accepted offer is somewhere between $15,000 and $17,000 (and that this is not a ploy on the seller’s part), I believe this would be a record price for a PDP-8 if the sale goes through. Does anyone know otherwise?