Sony Corp. of America (Park Ridge, N.J.)

Sony invented the 3.5-inch floppy disk drive, and its first computer, the  SMC-70, was the first to use them. In fact, the SMC-70 might have been the only CP/M system to use the smaller storage devices as standard equipment. Other small form-factor drives were produced at the time, but Sony’s design was eventually accepted as standard. Sony also offered the SMC-70G, which had enhanced graphics/imaging capability and was designed to work with video editing systems.

Sony Filer was an operating system compatible with CP/M 1.4. The SMC-777 was the last non-MSX home computer Sony produced. Units with enhanced color graphics capability were designated the SMC-777C.

The company produced many MSX models, all with the nickname “HiTBiT,” which comes from the Japanese word for “people,” hitobito. Sony offered the HiTBiT in several color choices. The HB-55P and HB-75P seem to be the most common examples today. The “P” designation refers to a model sold internationally.

Sony SMC-70 (July 1983, desktop)
Original Retail Price: $1,475
Base Configuration: 4MHz Z80A CPU; CP/M 2.2; two proprietary expansion slots; 64K RAM (256K max); 32K ROM; TV, RGB, and composite video ports; keyboard; RS-232C, parallel, light-pen, and cassette ports; Sony BASIC
Video: 25-line x 80-column text, 640 x 400 graphics, 16 colors
Size/Weight: 14.5 x 17.5 x 3.5 inches, 10.5 lbs.
Important Options: 8086 coprocessor, expansion box, one or two 3.5- or 8-inch floppy disk drives, hard disk drive, 12-inch monochrome or color monitor, keypad, SMI-7020 printer, 256K memory cache

Sony SMC-777 (late 1983, home computer)
Original Retail Price: $650
Base Configuration: Z80A CPU, Sony Filer, 64K RAM, 3.5-inch floppy disk drive, RF modulator, TV video port, integral keyboard and touchpad pointing device, BASIC, sound generator
Video: 25-line x 80-column text, 640 x 200 graphics, 16 colors
Size/Weight: grey
Important Options: external 3.5-inch floppy disk drive, graphics upgrade

Sony SMC-2000 (desktop PC)
Base Configuration: 6MHz 80186 CPU; MS-DOS; 256K RAM (512K max); 64K ROM; 3.5-inch floppy disk drive; RGB video port; keyboard/keypad; RS-232C, parallel, and light-pen ports
Video: 640 x 400 graphics, 16 colors
Important Options: mouse, IEEE-488 interface

Sony HB-55P/HB75P HiTBiT (late 1983, MSX home computer)
Original Retail Price: $230
Base Configuration: Z80 CPU, ROM cartridge slot, 16K RAM (HB-55P)/64K RAM (HB-75P), composite video port, integral keyboard, parallel port, MSX BASIC
Video: 24-line x 40-column text, 256 x 192 graphics

Sony M35 (1986, laptop PC)
Original Retail Price: $2,695
Base Configuration: 80C88 CPU, MS-DOS, 640K RAM, two 3.5-inch floppy disk drives, monochrome LCD, RGB and composite video ports, integral keyboard, serial and parallel ports, internal modem
Size/Weight: 13 lbs.
Important Options: external 5.25-inch floppy disk drive, 25-line LCD


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