Toshiba America Inc. (Tustin, Calif.)

Toshiba was and still is a leading manufacturer of laptop and notebook computers, but it has also produced desktop systems since the early 1980s. The T100 was an inexpensive BASIC-based system that, with the LCD option, became a small but powerful portable computer. The main form of storage for the T100 was a removeable 32K RAM pack that used static RAM. Toshiba literature indicates that the T100 was made in two colors: white and silver/grey. The T200 and PC-compatible T300 followed the T100. Toshiba sold a system similar to the T300 in Japan as the Pasopia 16.

The company also sold the popular HX-10 MSX system. Toshiba referred to the 16K model as the HX-10S and the 64K model as the HX-10D. An HX-10DN model offered a parallel interface. The HX-10 came in one of three colors: red, black, or white.

The T1100 Plus represented a breakthrough in laptop design in terms of the power-to-size ratio and established Toshiba’s reputation for quality small computers. It was a small 10-pound unit that could nearly match the performance of a PC XT. To top it off, its screen could display 25 lines of text–the same as a desktop PC. The lower cost T1000 and faster, more expandable T1200 followed the T1100. Toshiba also offered a dual-floppy-drive T1200F. Toshiba later offered a T3100/20, which had a 20MB hard drive as standard.

Toshiba T100 (1982, desktop)
Original Retail Price: $795
Base Configuration: 4MHz Z80A CPU; ROM/RAM cartridge slot; 64K RAM, 32K ROM; RAM pack storage; integral keyboard/keypad; RS-232C, parallel, and cassette ports; TBASIC
Video: 25-line x 80-column text
Size/Weight: 16.5 x 4 x 11 inches
Important Options: CP/M, external dual 5.25-inch floppy disk drives, 12-inch monochrome or 14-inch color monitor, LCD, T-Disk BASIC, P1010 or P1350 printer, modem, carrying case

Toshiba T200/T250 (1982, desktop)
Original Retail Price: $5000 (T200)/$6,000 (T250)
Base Configuration: TMP 8085A CPU, CP/M, 64K RAM, 5.25-inch (T200)/8-inch (T250) floppy disk drive, integral 12-inch monochrome CRT, keyboard/keypad, RS-232C and parallel ports, BASIC-80, dot-matrix printer
Video: 24-line x 80-column text
Size/Weight: 21.75 x 13 x 17 inches, 66 lbs. (T200)/24 x 15 x 19 inches, 88 lbs. (T250)
Important Options: second 5.25-inch (T200)/8-inch (T250) floppy disk drive

Toshiba T300 (1983, desktop PC)
Original Retail Price: $3,090
Base Configuration: 6MHz 8088 CPU, MS-DOS 2.0, seven expansion slots, 192K RAM (512K max), 4K ROM, 5.25-inch floppy disk drive, RGB and composite video ports, keyboard/keypad, RS-232C and parallel ports, T-BASIC16
Size/Weight: 16.5 x 5.5 x 16.5 inches
Important Options: CP/M-86, second 5.25-inch floppy disk drive, 10MB hard disk drive, 12-inch monochrome or 14-inch Color Display monitor, graphics card, IEEE-488 interface, P1350 or P1010 printer

Toshiba HX-10 (1984, MSX home computer)
Original Retail Price: $230 to $275
Base Configuration: Z80 CPU, ROM cartridge slot, 16K RAM (64K max), composite video port, integral keyboard
Video: 24-line x 40-column text, 256 x 192 graphics
Important Options: parallel interface

Toshiba T1100/T1100 Plus (1986, laptop PC)
Original Retail Price: $1,999 to $2,399
Base Configuration: 7.16MHz 80C86 CPU; MS-DOS 2.11; 256K RAM (640K max); two 3.5-inch floppy disk drives; monochrome LCD; CGA, RGB, and composite video ports; integral keyboard; RS-232C and parallel ports; SideKick; carrying case; AC adapter; battery charger; NiCad battery pack
Video: 25-line x 80-column text, 640 x 200 graphics
Size/Weight: 12.1 x 2.6 x 12 inches, 10 lbs.
Important Options: expansion chassis, external 5.25-inch floppy disk drive, keypad, internal modem

Toshiba T1000 (July 1987, laptop PC)
Original Retail Price: $1,199
Base Configuration: 4.77MHz 80C88 CPU, MS-DOS 2.11, 512K RAM (1.25MB max), 3.5-inch floppy disk drive, RGB and composite video ports, monochrome LCD, integral keyboard, RS-232C and parallel ports, SideKick, NiCad battery pack, AC adapter, charger
Video: CGA
Size/Weight: 12.2 x 2 x 11 inches, 6.4 lbs.
Important Options: external 5.25-inch floppy disk drive, keypad, internal modem, carrying case

Toshiba T1000SE (laptop PC)
Base Configuration: 9.54MHz 80C86 CPU, MS-DOS 3.3, expansion slot, 1MB RAM (3MB max), 3.5-inch floppy disk drive, RGB and composite video ports, monochrome LCD, integral keyboard, RS-232C and parallel ports, hypertext manual, NiCad battery pack, AC adapter, charger
Video: CGA
Size/Weight: 12.4 x 10.16 x 1.78 inches, 5.9 lbs.
Important Options: external 5.25-inch floppy disk drive, internal modem, carrying case

Toshiba T1200 (1987, laptop PC)
Original Retail Price: $3,499
Base Configuration: 9.54MHz 80C86 CPU; MS-DOS 3.2; external expansion bus; 1MB RAM; 3.5-inch floppy disk drive; 10MB hard disk drive; monochrome LCD; CGA, RGB, and composite video ports; integral keyboard; RS-232C and parallel ports; SideKick; NiCad battery pack, AC adapter
Video: 25-line x 80-column text
Size/Weight: 12.2 x 2.6 x 12 inches, 10.8 lbs.
Important Options: expansion chassis, external 5.25-inch floppy disk drive, keypad, internal modem

Toshiba T3100 (July 1986, laptop PC)
Original Retail Price: $4,499
Base Configuration: 8MHz 80286 CPU, MS-DOS 2.11, expansion slot, 640K (2.6MB max), 3.5-inch floppy disk drive, 10MB hard disk drive, monochrome gas plasma display, RGB port, integral keyboard,m RS-232C and parallel ports, carrying case
Video: 25-line x 80-column text, CGA
Size/Weight: 12.2 x 3.1 x 14.2 inches, 15 lbs.
Important Options: expansion chassis, external 5.25-inch floppy disk drive, keypad, internal modem

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: